EMS (EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES) FAST FACTS
EMS treats approximately 25-30 million patients per year with annual expenditures of about $5 billion.1
In 2011 there were more than 826,000 licensed and credentialed EMS personnel in the country.2
There are four nationally defined levels of EMS professionals: Emergency Medical Responder (EMR), Emergency Medical Technician (EMT), Advanced Emergency Medical Technician (AEMT) and Paramedic.3 Some states may use different titles and many have additional licensure levels.
Over 90% of nationally certified EMS professionals said that they had access to at least one Helicopter EMS (HEMS) service, while slightly fewer said that they had the authority to request HEMS (86%).4
75% of nationally certified EMS professionals are male, 85% are of non-minority status and 45% have a college degree or higher.5
About 6% of nationally certified EMS professionals were classified as stressed on the DASS-21 scale, which was lower than the average for other health care professionals including nurses, physicians and medical students.5
Over 55% of nationally certified EMS professionals reported having participated in a multiagency disaster drill that included biological, chemical or nuclear scenarios within the past 24 months.6
63% of nationally certified EMS professionals agreed or strongly agreed that they felt adequately prepared to treat patients involved in incendiary or explosive exposures while 47% felt adequately prepared to treat patients involved in biological, chemical or nuclear exposures.6
83% of nationally certified EMS professionals believed that they would be asked to report for duty during a pandemic flu emergency and 93% said they would be willing to do so.7
1 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Department of Transportation, Maternal and Child Health Bureau. National EMS Research Agenda. December 31, 2001.
2 Mears G, Armstrong B, Fernandez AR et al. National EMS Assessment. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. 2012.
3 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. National EMS Scope of Practice Model. February 2007.
4 Crowe RC, Levine R, Bentley MB. An Assessment of Prehospital Helicopter EMS Access and Training. Poster Presentation at Texas State EMS Conference. November 2014.
5 Bentley MA, Crawford JM, Wilkins JR et al. An Assessment of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress among Nationally Certified EMS Professionals. Prehospital Emergency Care. 2013, 17:330-338.
6 Fernandez AR, Studnek JR, Margolis GS et al. Disaster Preparedness of Nationally Certified Emergency Medical Services Professionals. Academic Emergency Medicine. 2011, 18:403-412.
7 Barnett DJ, Levine R, Thompson CB et al. Gauging U.S. Emergency Services Workers’ Willingness to Respond to Pandemic Influenza Using a Threat-and-Efficacy-Based Assessment Framework. PLoS ONE. 2010, 5:3.